Who was George Sturey? His name is one of 140 engraved on the Lambton Park WW1 memorial gates, and one of 29 shown as killed in action. This month marks 100 years since the planned opening ceremony of the gates in April 1919, a ceremony that never took place because the influenza pandemic at the time restricted public gatherings.
For the centenary of the gates, I set about compiling information on the soldiers listed on the pillars. By searching online resources from the Australian War Memorial and the National Archives, I managed to confirm the identity of most of the men, including all but one of those listed as killed. While newspapers were filled with reports of Lambton boys enlisting, departing and returning, there was but one scant reference to Sturey, in July 1918 where “Mrs Hincks of Pearson Street Lambton has received word that Private George Sturey has died of wounds.”
Searching the online records, I could find no trace of Sturey. In researching other soldiers I had found numerous errors with the gate inscriptions. Perhaps “Sturey” was a mis-spelling, or maybe an anglicised form of a German surname? Searching every possible name variant I could think of revealed nothing.
Eventually, after a page-by-page study of the embarkation rolls, in the records of the SS Port Napier, I located Salvatore Sturiali of Lambton, a surname that Australians would naturally shorten to Sturey. Confirmation came from the Red Cross “Wounded and Missing” files where a soldier reporting on Sturiali’s death recalled “We used to call him George”.
Sturiali died on 21 June 1918 on the Somme battlefield, when a German artillery shell hit the cookhouse he was serving in. His fellow soldiers described him as a “short, dark, curly headed chap” who “was very popular”. An Italian born immigrant to Australia, killed on French soil, alongside the British in a war against Germany, Sturiali stands as an example of why the 1914-18 conflict was aptly named a World War.
The article above was first published in the April 2019 edition of The Local.
There were three key documents that confirmed that the George Sturey on the Lambton Park Memorial Gates was Salvatore Sturiali.
The following points summarise what we know of Sturiali, as gleaned from his war service and naturalisation records.
- Born 15 February 1894 in Riposto, on the island of Sicily, in Italy.
- Arrived in Australia in 1911 via Auckland, New Zealand, on the ship “Australia”, disembarking at Newcastle.
- Had a brother in Italy
- No relatives in Australia
- His mother Angelina Sturiali resided in Riposto, Italy at the time of his enlistment.
- Served as an apprentice for 12 months on the sailing ship “Australian”
- Lived in Pearson Street, Lambton.
- “Prior to enlisting he was employed by Messrs. J. C. Davies and Sons and W. Timmins, contractors.”
- Applied for naturalisation as an Australian citizen in June 1916 so that he could enlist in the Australian Expeditionary Forces.
- Occupation on enlistment form and naturalisation documents shown as “Bricklayers Labourer”
- Physical characteristics
- “a little short dark chap”
- “he spoke broken English”
- “dark curly hair”
- “about 5ft 7in in height, dark, curly headed, clean shaved”
- War service
- Enlisted 11 Sep 1916, aged 22 years and 8 months.
- Assigned to 7th reinforcements of the 46th Infantry Battalion.
- Embarked from Australia on SS Port Napier, 7 Nov 1916.
- Was in D Company of the 46th Battn.
- “employed in the officers mess”
- “was batman to several officers”
- “He was an officers’ cook”
- “He was an officer’s waiter”
- Wounded at Battalion Headquarters at Sailly-le-Sec, when a German artillery shell hit the cook house Sturiali was serving in at about 9am on 21 June 1918. The battalion headquarters was located in a gully north-west of Sailly-le-Sec, and was about a mile behind the front line.
- Taken to the 12th Field Ambulance nearby.
- Died of wounds a few hours later at the 47th Casualty Clearing Station near Corbie.
- Buried at Crouy British Cemetery, outside the village of Crouy-sur-Somme.
Sturey is also listed on the Honour Roll at the front of the former Lambton Post Office, although his stated age of 25 is incorrect. He was born on 15 February 1894, which means he was 24 years of age at his death in June 1918.
Links to information on Salvatore Sturiali
- This website
- Australian War Memorial
- National Archives of Australia
- Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- “We Were The 46th” – the history of the 46th Battalion in the Great War of 1914-1918, by Ian Leonard Polanski,
|Article Date Event Date||Notes|
|20 Jul 1918|
21 Jun 1918
|"Mrs. Hincks, of Pearson-street, Lambton, has received word that Private George Sturey has died of wounds. Prior to enlisting he was employed by Messrs. J. C. Davies and Sons and W. Timmins, contractors."|
|14 Apr 1919|
12 Apr 1919
|"There was a fairly large gathering on Saturday afternoon to witness the unveiling of the roll of honour gates. At the time fixed for the opening, Alderman Hardy said it was regretted that in consequence of the influenza restrictions the proposed opening ceremony would have to be dispensed with."|