In my last two articles, I have mentioned the short-lived Australasia Coal Company (1874-1879), and how their colliery railway was repurposed to build the storm water drain in Broadmeadow, and Bridges Rd in New Lambton. Lambton had an even greater connection with this company, through Doctor John James Hill.
Dr Hill was Lambton’s first resident doctor. He came to the district in 1868 and soon after constructed a residence and surgery in Elder St. At various times he was the appointed medical officer for Lambton, New Lambton and Waratah collieries, and he was an honorary surgeon at the Newcastle Hospital.
But it was not just medical matters that occupied the doctor’s time, he was also a real estate developer, and coal mining investor. In 1874 he was one of the instigators of the Australasian Coal Company, whose mining lease was in the Winding Creek area near Cardiff. He was a major shareholder and served as a founding director of the company. He also privately purchased 40 acres of land adjacent to the mine, to develop as a township with 340 residential allotments.
This side investment brought Dr Hill into conflict with the other company directors, and as the colliery spiralled into bankruptcy, a bitter war of words was ranged against Dr Hill, culminating in a policy in October 1877 “that the Australasia Company will not employ any man who is residing at Hillsborough (Dr. Hill’s township.)”
Dr Hill was actively involved in many aspects of the local community. He served as an alderman on Lambton council for six years, and was three times elected Mayor. While still serving as Mayor in late 1882, after an illness that had confined him to his house for three weeks, Dr. Hill died on 19 December 1882 aged just 39. His name is perpetuated in the suburb of Hillsborough.
The article above was first published in the March 2017 edition of the Lambton & New Lambton Local.
The map below from the Historical Land Records Viewer shows the suburb of Hillsborough in portion 44, labeled with the name of “J. J. Hill” and with an area of “40 ac. ex rd.” (40 acres excluding roads.)
Catherine Bradley, a great grand daughter of J.J. Hill provided me with information about various street names in Hillsborough:
- Royton St is named after the town where Doctor Hill grew up in Lancashire UK. His father was Rev Richard Percy Hill, the Vicar of St Paul’s Anglican Church.
- Percy Street is named after his father (see middle name above).
- King St is named after Doctor Hill’s wife’s maiden name, Jane King.
- Higham Road is after Doctor Hill’s mother’s maiden name – she was Martha Higham.
The naming of Hill Street
In the originally published article I stated that Dr Hill’s name was possibly perpetuated in the name of Hill Street in North Lambton. With subsequent research I now believe that the present day Hill St wasn’t named after Dr Hill – but there was another Hill St in North Lambton that was named after him in 1873, for it was in a subdivision of land owned by Dr Hill. I have written a separate blog article on this other Hill St.
Regarding the present day Hill St, the earliest written source I have found for its naming is page 17 of the Lambton Public School centenary booklet in 1965. This is 92 years after the first mention of Hill Street (in 1872) that I have found in Trove. Dr Hill only arrived in Lambton in 1868, so it would be highly unusual that he would have a street named in his honour after just four years in the community.
|Article Date Event Date||Notes|
|23 Jan 1867|
5 Dec 1866
|Marriage of John James Hill M.D. to Jane King, at the residence of the Rev. Kerr Johnston, Sandridge Victoria.|
|6 May 1869||Dr J.J. Hill gives evidence at an inquest at Lambton. This is the first mention in the newspaper of Dr Hill being in Lambton.|
|29 Aug 1872||First mention of Hill Street in the newspaper.|
|12 Jul 1873||Dr Hill offering land allotments for sale in North Lambton.|
|16 Aug 1873||Dr. Hill and Mr. Stoker purchase three acres of land at Dark Creek (Jesmond) for the purpose of mining for coal.|
|23 Jul 1874||Advertisement for tender to sink a shaft at the Australasian Coal Company. Apply to Dr. Hill, Lambton.|
|14 Sep 1874||Prospectus of the Australasia Coal Company, in which Dr Hill is named as a provisional director.|
|15 Sep 1874||Tender for sinking a shaft for the Australasia Coal Company. Specifications on display at Dr. Hill's surgery.|
|28 Oct 1874|
27 Oct 1874
|Operations have been commenced at the Australasia Coal Company works at Winding Creek. |
"The first sod of the shaft was turned by Mrs. Dr. Hill, at 8 a.m., on last Tuesday."
|3 Apr 1875||The plan of a township at Winding Creek, known as Dr. Hill's Township is on display. The town is on 40 acres of land and is divided into quarter acre allotments.|
|21 Jul 1875||First mention of the township of "Hillsborough" in the Winding Creek area.|
|2 Oct 1875||Advertisement for allotments in the township of Hillsborough.|
|16 Feb 1876||Dr Hill travelling to Melbourne for the shareholders' meeting of the Australasia Coal Company. He has been nominated as director.|
|6 Jun 1876||Letter from Doctor Hill to the Melbourne shareholders of the Australasia Coal Company.|
|8 Jul 1876|
7 Jul 1876
|The adjourned meeting of the New South Wales shareholders of the Australasia Coal Company was held at Dr. Hill's residence, Lambton.|
|14 Jul 1876|
12 Jul 1876
|The adjourned meeting of the shareholders of the AUSTRALASIAN COAL COMPANY was held at Dr. Hill's residence, on Wednesday evening last.|
|17 Jul 1876||Mr W. A. Zeal in a letter to the newspaper attacks Dr Hill's statements at the recent shareholders' meeting, which he asserts were "a tissue of malicious falsehoods."|
|21 Jul 1876||Dr Hill responds to Mr Zeal's attacking letter in the newspaper.|
|27 Oct 1877||"I hear a rumour that the Australasia Company will not employ any man who is residing at Hillsborough (Dr. Hill's township.) The company have land in their township for sale, but whether that is the cause, or vindictiveness against Dr. Hill, I cannot tell."|
|20 Dec 1882|
19 Dec 1882
|Death of Doctor John James Hill, after an illness of three weeks. The funeral will take place in the North Waratah cemetery.|
|20 Dec 1882|
19 Dec 1882
HILL. — At his residence, Lambton, on the 19th inst., Dr. John James Hill, aged 38 years.
|20 Dec 1882||Funeral notice for Doctor John James Hill.|
|11 Feb 1886|
3 Feb 1886
|Dr Hills widow Jane, marries Frederic Mansfield Mills, at Burwood.|
Hello Lachlan. I’m a great grand daughter of JJ Hill. Thank you so much for all the wonderful research you have done regarding my GGfather. You may be interested in knowing about various street names in Hillsborough:
Royton St is named after the town where JJ grew up in Lancashire UK. His father was Rev Richard Percy Hill, the Vicar of St Paul’s Anglican Church.
Percy Street is named after his father (see middle name above).
King St would be after my GGmother’s maiden Name-Jane King
Higham Road is after JJ’s mother’s maiden name-she was Martha Higham.
I agree about Hill Street possibly NOT being named after him. Best wishes Catherine